Cathedrals, Abby’s and Castles 4/7

Written by Harold McNeill on April 13th, 2012. Posted in Travelogue


Entrance to the Benedictine Abbey in Melk, Austria (hdm).

When preparing stories for the Travelogue Section, a question often arises in discussion between Lynn and me as to how much “social comment” or “opinion”, would be appropriate within the context of the story.

For example, when travelling through Steyr or Linz, Austria, our travel guide told a story about a 15,000 seat church built in a nearby city back in the 16th or 17th Century. It took 70 years of sacrifice by the 20,000 residents of the city to pay for the structure as no fund assistance was forthcoming from the Monarchy (the Hapsburgs). It seemed to me that many of the poor would have dedicated their entire life toward the building of that single structure, a structure that would sit largely empty over the centuries. 

The building of hundreds of Churches, Abbey’s, Castles and ‘Summer Homes’, each of which exceeded the previous in grandeur, was the standard of the day. In this regard, one cannot help but be struck by the immensity of the religious and political forces that shaped and re-shaped society and which provided the absolute power needed collect the money and manpower at will. Most of the structures wre designed for the benefit of a few in the privilaged class.

Sketch (from Web) Melk Abbey (de:Stift Melk) before its renovation by Jakob Prandtauer. The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey.

A monastic school, the Stiftsgymnasium Melk, was founded in the 12th century, and the monastic library soon became renowned for its extensive manuscript collection. The monastery’s scriptorium was also a major site for the production of manuscripts. In the 15th century the abbey became the centre of the Melk Reform movement which reinvigorated the monastic life of Austria and Southern Germany (Wikipedia).

The name of the Benedictine Order was derived from the name of a monk who was born much earlier, about 480 AD and 520 founded “the famous monestary of Monte Cassino, where he drew up the the orders for ‘Benedictine’ rule. This order was adapted to Western climates and demanded less austerity than had been common among Egyptian and Syrian monks.  The Abbot was given great power; he was elected for life, and had (within the Rule and the limits of orthodoxy) and almost despotic control over his monks…” (Western Philosophical Thought, Bertrand Russell, p.374 ff).

It was not until we entered the Abbey that we were presented with the nearly overwhelming grandeur. It is difficult to imagine the immensity of the wealth needed to complete the original building, then to complete a massive renovation within the first half of the 18th Century by a group Benedictine Monks whose vows include (taken from Web):

Obedience
Stability
Conversion in the way of life

These vows were the basis of the rule of St. Benedict and the life of the Benedictine monks. By the tenth century the Benedictine Rule prevailed everywhere in western Europe including England.

The word monk (monos) means single, and both celibacy and poverty went without saying. The Benedictine rule specified that monks should own nothing (if that is what poverty is) but this was not incorporated as a vow. In the modern understanding of Benedictine monks, poverty and celibacy are included in the vow of obedience as Benedictine monks are obedient to the rules and regulations of the order and of particular congregations and monasteries.

The vows of Poverty and Celibacy were a much later addition to the thinking and rule making of the church. These are required of the later religious institutions such as Franciscans, Dominicans and Jesuits.  The Benedictine Rule was already in place for 500 years before these other orders were established. 

The Abbey Church, the centre piece of the complex and of the Order, presents a glittering array of gold plated columns and statues, Frescos, Baroque architecture and decorative works that can only be described as stunning in their grandeur. When you first walk into the church you will need to sit for a few moments just to catch your breath and assimilate what you are seeing.

As you continue from the church you will enter another room nearly as stunning, the Central Library. Book shelves, rising for thirty feet from floor to ceiling, contain some 16,000 manuscripts dating back a thousand years. Above the books is an immense Fresco.

Similar rooms, filled with all forms of statues, paintings, sculptures and other precious memorabilia, are sprinkled throughout the Abbey which, over the past few hundred years, was often home to fewer than fifteen Benedictine Monks.

Pristine tiled hallways, one of which stretches for more than six hundred feet, connect the various sections of the complex which is situated some 130 feet above the Danube River and overlooking the city.  Today, the structure is home to ten Monks and some 900 High and Junior High students in regular attendance.

The following pictures provide a small glimpse into our tour.  If you ever pass by Melk, make sure to spend a few hours at the Abbey.

 

Courtyard Entry Abbey Church (hdm).

It is difficult to capture the immensity of this glittering gold, wood and marble structure.

Walking forward and looking up, the full size of the Fresco became evident. It appeared to be suspended in space by gold encrusted column toppings.

This gilded, spiril staircase is partially an optical illusion as mirrors are used to create an added sense of depth within the structure (hdm).

Gilded life sized statue reflected in a glass lined wall.

Gilded ornaments in glass enclosure. You can see the reflection of the Fresco in the glass. This gives a sense of immensity of the artwork that fills each room.

Sculptures emerging from wall.  I never did figure out the meaning.

This spacious room, as with many similar rooms, display large Fresco scenes in the massive coved ceilings (hdm).

This is one-half of one hallway within the Abbey (turn around and it extends for an equal distance in the other direction).  Each hallway is lined with priceless pieces of artwork (hdm).

Photo (from Wikipedia).  I could not capture a photo that properly lite the library walls and the bright Fresco ceiling. I believe Esther has a couple of photos that show the age. This photo shows only part of the some 16,000 books held within the walls of the Abbey.

Glass enclosed model of the main Abbey structure. The Abbey courtyard at the far end and the Abbey Church, centre forground.

Twin Abbey spires with clocks and bells taken from balcony overlooking the the Danube and Melk (next photo).

View of the Danube and Melk from the curved balcony near the entrance to the Church. We did not spend much time on the balcony as the wind came up and it turned very cold.

Esther Dunn has a number of excellent photos which will be
added as an album to this post.

Three further posts are in the works: Vienna, Prague and a final post on considerations before booking a river cruise.

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Comments (2)

  • Don
    April 27, 2012 at 5:32 am |

    It looks like only travel agents & their husband could afford to go there????

  • April 27, 2012 at 6:20 pm |

    Hey Don, it certainly helps but we have long since learned that travel is something you can make almost as inexpensive as you wish, although long gone are the days of “Europe on $5,00 a Day” (remember the book?). Even at that, kids can still backpack the world within a range that is affordable to most! So,just think, if youngsters can do that, imagine what older youngsters like ourselves with all that experience can/could accomplish!

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Comments

  • Harold McNeill

    April 14, 2020 |

    Hi Rick,
    Great to hear from you and trust all is going well. Our family members are all doing well but it must be pretty tough for a lot of people. I had once heard you were going to do some writing but never heard anything further. I would be most interested, but do you think the OB News have archives back to that time. Any link or information you could provide would be greatly appreciated. Did you keep copies? Regards, Harold

  • Rick Gonder

    April 14, 2020 |

    Hi Harold
    About 22 years ago I spent several weeks going through the OBPD archives. I wrote several stories that were published in the OB News. Feel free to use if they are of value to what you are doing.
    Keep this up, I’m enjoying it and it brings back memories.

  • Harold McNeill

    April 12, 2020 |

    Hi Susan,

    Glad you had a chance to read. I decided to update these stories by proofreading as there were several grammatical errors in many. Hopefully, many of those glaring errors have been removed.

    Many of the stories carry a considerable amount of social comment regarding the way the criminal justice system is selectively applied. Next up involves a young woman from near Cold Lake, Alberta, who was abducted by an older male from Edmonton. Her story is the story of hundreds of young men and woman who have found themselves alone and without help when being prayed upon unscrupulous predators.

    Cheers, Harold

  • Susan

    April 8, 2020 |

    Great read, Harold!…and really not surprising, sad as that may sound.
    Keep the stories coming, it is fascinating to hear them.
    Love from us out here in the “sticks”, and stay safe from this unknown predator called Covid.

  • Harold McNeill

    February 17, 2020 |

    Update:  Times Colonist, February 16, 2020, articles by Louise Dickson, She got her gun back, then she killed herself,” and,  Mounties decision to return gun to PTSD victim haunts her brother. 

    Summary: I don’t know how many read the above articles, but they contained the tragic details about young woman, Krista Carle’, who took her own life after suffering for years with PTSD. While tragedies such as this play out across Canada every week, the reason this story resonates so profoundly is that the final, tragic, conclusion took place here in Victoria. Continued in the article.

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  • Harold McNeill

    February 15, 2020 |

    Testing the comments section after changes made. Updated: February 10, 2020

    Further to the update below (February 1, 2020), I note that since the government announced a “No-Fault” insurance plan for BC, Robert Mulligan is taking a slightly different tack, suggesting that no-fault will only increase the problems by taking away the right of an injured party to sue.

    I’ve copied just one sentence from Mulligan’s longer discussion, “And I think people don’t like the idea that somebody who’s, for example, was drunk and ran into you and you become a quadriplegic is going to be treated exactly the same way you would in terms of getting benefits (go to minute 00:15:26 to see his full comment)

    Statements like this appear to be simple fear-mongering. As was the case in the past, people who commit criminal offences, as well as other forms of negligence while driving, may well lose their insurance coverage and in all likelihood would be sued by ICBC to recover costs of the claim. (Link here to Mulligan’s full conversation on CFAX radio)

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    January 5, 2020 |

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    September 18, 2019 |

    […] The Federal Conservatives and Seymour Riding Association complied but one day later those memes will be shared by every third party social media site and by thousands of supporters where the message will be taken as a statements of the fact.  Five years from now those memes will still be circulating. (Link here to background on the SNC Lavalin matter) […]